Transconjunctival Lower Blepharoplasty


      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribers receive full online access to your subscription and archive of back issues up to and including 2002.

      Content published before 2002 is available via pay-per-view purchase only.


        • Camirand A.
        • Doucet J.
        • Harris J.
        Anatomy, pathophysiology, and prevention of senile enopohtalmia and associated herniated lower eyelid fat pads.
        Plast Reconstr Surg. 1997; 100: 1535-1546
        • Mendelson B.C.
        Herniated fat and the orbital septum of the lower lid.
        Clin Plast Surg. 1993; 20: 323
        • Camirand A.
        • Doucet J.
        • Harris J.
        The aging eye: pathophysiology and management.
        Surg Technol Int. 1997; 5: 347
        • Doxanas M.T.
        • Anderson R.L.
        Clinical orbital anatomy.
        Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore (MD)1984
        • Wolff E.
        The anatomy of the eye and orbit.
        WB Saunders, Philadelphia1976
        • Zide B.M.
        Surgical anatomy around the orbit: the system of zones.
        2nd edition. Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia2006
        • Gioia V.M.
        • Linberg J.V.
        • McCormick S.
        The anatomy of the lateral canthal tendon.
        Arch Ophthalmol. 1987; 105: 529-532
        • Muzaffar A.R.
        • Mendelson B.C.
        • Adams Jr., W.P.
        Surgical anatomy of the ligamentous attachments of the lower lid and lateral canthus.
        Plast Reconstr Surg. 2002; 110: 873-884
        • Hill J.
        Analysis of senile changes in the palpebral fissure.
        Trans Ophthalmol Soc U K. 1975; 95: 49
        • Shore J.W.
        • McCord C.D.
        Involutional changes in blepharoptosis.
        Ophthalmology. 1984; 98: 21-27
        • Raschke G.F.
        • Rieger U.M.
        • Bader R.D.
        • et al.
        Transconjunctival versus subciliary approach for orbital fracture repair–an anthropometric evaluation of 221 cases.
        Clin Oral Investig. 2013; 17: 933-942
        • Putterman A.M.
        Scalpel neodymium:YAG laser in oculoplastic surgery.
        Am J Ophthalmol. 1990; 109: 581-584
        • Putterman A.M.
        Treatment of conjunctival prolapse.
        Arch Ophthalmol. 1995; 113: 553-554
        • Goldberg R.A.
        Transconjunctival orbital fat repositioning: transposition of orbital fat pedicles into a subperiosteal pocket.
        Plast Reconstr Surg. 2000; 105: 743-748