Review Article| Volume 24, ISSUE 2, P87-93, September 2016

Analysis and Diagnosis of Upper Facial Region

      The upper facial region frames the eyes and thus has been one of major hallmarks of beauty for millennia.


      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribers receive full online access to your subscription and archive of back issues up to and including 2002.

      Content published before 2002 is available via pay-per-view purchase only.


        • Niamtu 3rd, J.
        Cosmetic blepharoplasty.
        Atlas Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am. 2004; 12: 91-130
        • Shapiro R.
        Principles and techniques used to create a natural hairline in surgical hair restoration.
        Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am. 2004; 12: 201-217
        • Shapiro R.
        • Shapiro P.
        Hairline design and frontal hairline restoration.
        Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am. 2013; 21: 351-362
        • Pomerantz M.A.
        Creating a hairline.
        Dermatol Clin. 1999; 17 (vii; [discussion: 76]): 271-275
        • Konior R.J.
        • Simmons C.
        Patient selection, candidacy, and treatment planning for hair restoration surgery.
        Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am. 2013; 21: 343-350
        • Norwood O.T.
        Patient selection, hair transplant design, and hairstyle.
        J Dermatol Surg Oncol. 1992; 18: 386-394
        • Sclafani A.P.
        Aesthetic surgery of the forehead and upper third of the face: Thomas procedures in facial plastic surgery.
        People's Medical Pub. House-USA, Shelton (CT)2011
        • Han D.S.
        • Park J.H.
        Aesthetic correction of a protrusive forehead through repositioning of the anterior wall of the frontal sinus.
        Archives of Craniofacial Surgery. 2014; 15: 129-132
        • Gunter J.P.
        • Antrobus S.D.
        Aesthetic analysis of the eyebrows.
        Plast Reconstr Surg. 1997; 99: 1808-1816
      1. Westmore MG. Facial cosmetics in conjunction with surgery. Aesthetic Plastic Surgical Society Meeting. Vancouver (Canada), May 4–8, 1975.

        • Baker S.B.
        • Dayan J.H.
        • Crane A.
        • et al.
        The influence of brow shape on the perception of facial form and brow aesthetics.
        Plast Reconstr Surg. 2007; 119: 2240-2247
        • Hamamoto A.A.
        • Liu T.W.
        • Wong B.J.
        Identifying ideal brow vector position: empirical analysis of three brow archetypes.
        Facial Plast Surg. 2013; 29: 76-82
        • Yalcinkaya E.
        • Cingi C.
        • Soken H.
        • et al.
        Aesthetic analysis of the ideal eyebrow shape and position.
        Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2016; 273: 305-310
        • Miloro M.
        • Ghali G.E.
        • Larsen P.
        • et al.
        Peterson's principles of oral and maxillofacial surgery.
        2nd edition. B C Decker, Hamilton (Canada); London2004
        • McKinney P.
        • Mossie R.D.
        • Zukowski M.L.
        Criteria for the forehead lift.
        Aesthetic Plast Surg. 1991; 15: 141-147
        • Connell B.F.
        • Lambros V.S.
        • Neurohr G.H.
        The forehead lift: techniques to avoid complications and produce optimal results.
        Aesthetic Plast Surg. 1989; 13: 217-237
        • Matarasso A.
        • Terino E.O.
        Forehead-brow rhytidoplasty: reassessing the goals.
        Plast Reconstr Surg. 1994; 93 ([discussion: 90–1]): 1378-1389
        • Haiavy J.
        Inland Cosmetic/Surgical Arts of Inland Empire - general cosmetic surgery fellowship.
        in: Dhaliwal H. American Academy of Cosmetic Surgery, 2012-2013
        • Fagien S.
        • Putterman A.M.
        Putterman's cosmetic oculoplastic surgery.
        4th edition. Saunders/Elsevier, Philadelphia2008: 1 (online resource (xiv, 347 p.))
        • van den Bosch W.A.
        • Leenders I.
        • Mulder P.
        Topographic anatomy of the eyelids, and the effects of sex and age.
        Br J Ophthalmol. 1999; 83: 347-352
        • Martin Jr., J.J.
        Ptosis repair in aesthetic blepharoplasty.
        Clin Plast Surg. 2013; 40: 201-212
        • Baker S.
        • LaFerriere K.
        • Larrabee Jr., W.F.
        Lower lid blepharoplasty: panel discussion, controversies, and techniques.
        Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am. 2014; 22: 97-118
        • De Silva D.J.
        • Prasad A.
        Aesthetic canthal suspension.
        Clin Plast Surg. 2015; 42: 79-86