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Surgical Anatomy of the Superficial Musculo-Aponeurotic System (SMAS)

      The face lift is one of the procedures in facial cosmetic surgery that is performed to help rejuvenate the aging face.

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        • Aston J.A.
        • Walden J.
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        • Cuzalina A.
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        • Khan H.A.
        Rhytidectomy.
        in: Bagheri S.C. Bell R.B. Khan H.A. Current therapy in oral and maxillofacial surgery. Elsevier Saunders, St Louis (MO)2012: 942-986
        • Larrabee W.F.
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        • Cupp C.
        Facelift anatomy.
        Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am. 1993; : 135-152
        • Mendelson B.
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        • Nahai F.
        • Mejia J.D.
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        Applied anatomy of the face and neck.
        in: Nahai F. The art of aesthetic surgery principles and techniques. Quality Medical Publishing, St Louis (MO)2011: 1274-1345
        • Pitman G.H.
        Foundation facelift.
        in: Aston S.J. Seinbrech D.S. Walden J.L. Aesthetic plastic surgery. Saunders Elsevier, 2009: 115-127
        • Stuzin J.M.
        The SMAS facelift—restoring facial shape in facelifting.
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