Surgical Management of Third Molars

      The removal of impacted third molars teeth is one of the most common surgical procedures performed by oral and maxillofacial surgeons. In large part this is because of the high incidence of impacted teeth in modern societies that have effective public health measures and because contemporary science has identified the presence or likely development of pathology associated with a significant percentage of even asymptomatic third molars.
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      Further readings

      Removal of third molars

        • Alling C.
        • Helfrick J.
        • Alling R.
        Impacted teeth.
        W. B. Saunders Co, Philadelphia1993
      1. Hupp J. Ellis III, E. Tucker M. Contemporary oral and maxillofacial surgery. 5th edition. Elsevier Health Sciences, St Louis (MO)2008
        • Miliro M.
        • Ghali G.E.
        • Larsen P.
        • et al.
        Peterson's principles of oral and maxillofacial surgery.
        3rd edition. Lipponcott, Shelton (CT)2011
        • Dimitroulis G.
        Illustrated lecture notes in oral and maxillofacial surgery.
        Quintessence, Hanover Park (IL)2008

      Periodontal considerations

        • Blakey G.H.
        • Marciani R.D.
        • Haug R.H.
        • et al.
        Periodontal pathology associated with asymptomatic third molars.
        J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2002; 60: 1227-1233
        • Phillips C.
        • Norman J.
        • Jaskolka M.
        • et al.
        Changes over time in position and periodontal status of retained third molars.
        J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2007; 65: 2011-2017
        • Blakey G.H.
        • Jacks M.T.
        • Offenbacher S.
        • et al.
        Progression of periodontal disease in the second/third molar region in subjects with asymptomatic third molars.
        J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2006; 64: 189-193
        • Kugelberg C.F.
        • Ahlstrom U.
        • Ericson S.
        • et al.
        The influence of anatomical, pathophysiological and other factors on the periodontal healing after impacted third molar surgery: a multiple regression analysis.
        J Clin Periodontol. 1991; 16: 37


        • Pogrel M.A.
        • Lee J.S.
        • Muff D.F.
        Coronectomy: a technique to protect the inferior alveolar nerve.
        J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2004; 62: 1447-1452

      Grafting third molar sites

        • Dodson T.
        Management of mandibular third molar extraction sites to prevent periodontal defects.
        J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2004; 62: 1213-1224


        • Tsukiboshi M.
        Autotransplantation of teeth.
        Quintessence International, Carol Stream (IL)2001